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It is widely accepted that obesity is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and coronary heart disease.1,2 However, in contrast to the precise association of obesity with diabetes mellitus, the association between obesity and diabetic retinopathy (DR) has been inconsistent. Earlier studies suggested that higher body mass index (BMI) increases DR risk, while other studies reported no association or even an inverse association.3-5
Song SJ. Obesity and Diabetic Retinopathy: New Perspectives. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(3):258. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2015.5178
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