THE CONSTRUCTION of the European Union (EU) brings together several different traditions of teaching, research, and practice. The task of establishing the foundation of a truly European ophthalmological discipline is being undertaken by several institutions and associations, namely, UEMS (Union Européenne des Médecins Spécialistes), EUPO (European University Professors of Ophthalmology), and EBO (European Board of Ophthalmology). Although national diplomas allow one to practice in other EU countries, each individual country's aims illustrate the importance of leading the path to a common future without compromising the past and present strengths of national ophthalmology programs.
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