TRANSLATIONAL RESEARCH is a process in which knowledge gained in the laboratory is applied or translated to the diagnosis or treatment of human disease. The National Eye Institute (NEI), Bethesda, Md, by its charter is committed to the eye care and vision of the American people. A major effort of the NEI during the past 25 years has been to foster the development of a cadre of scientists, mainly PhDs, whose research is relevant to the visual system and related diseases. The NEI has made remarkable progress in this effort and now supports more than 1200 research project grants. Ophthalmologists apply new basic discoveries to patients with ocular disease. Most ophthalmologists have limited or no formal training in basic or clinical research. Scientists and clinicians are providers and consumers, whereas the patient is the ultimate beneficiary.
Ryan SJ, Hinton DR, Ogden TE, Rao N. Translational Research in Ophthalmology. Arch Ophthalmol. 2002;120(3):389–390. doi:10.1001/archopht.120.3.389
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