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November 29, 2018

High-Resolution Direct Ophthalmoscopy With an Unmodified iPhone X

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Ipswich Hospital, University College London, Ipswich, United Kingdom
  • 2Now with Department of Ophthalmology, West Suffolk Hospital, Hardwick Lane, Bury St Edmunds, United Kingdom
  • 3National Institute of Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Moorfields Eye Hospital, UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, United Kingdom
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online November 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5806

There has been a steady decline in the amount of time dedicated to ophthalmology training in medical school,1 which leaves many physicians unable to perform adequate direct ophthalmoscopy.2 However, this is a useful clinical skill that allows the clinician to assess the red reflex, retina, and optic nerve. Visualization of the optic nerve is of particular interest to physicians of many specialties, and a host of abnormalities (including neovascularization, swelling, hemorrhages, and atrophy) can be seen there.

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