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Invited Commentary
August 15, 2019

The Glass Ceiling in Ophthalmology—Next Comes How to Change This

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, Los Angeles
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(11):1231-1232. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.3113

In this issue of JAMA Ophthalmology, Kramer et al1 report on global trends in the sex of authors publishing ophthalmology articles over a 10-year period. Kramer et al1 used Gendermetrics.net, a relatively new software program that has been used in a similar fashion to analyze trends in the sex of those publishing dermatology, epilepsy, and cancer research. The researchers’ major findings were that, in a 10-year period, 34.9% of all authors were women and 27.1% of last authors were women. They describe a previously published pipeline problem: despite the increasing number of women graduating from ophthalmology residency programs, there is not a corresponding increase in women in leadership.2-4 The authors1 suggest that sex inequality affects opportunities to advance to senior levels in the field of ophthalmology.