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In This Issue of JAMA Ophthalmology
January 2020


JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):3. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.0341

As the incidence of dry eye disease has increased, Inomata and coauthors evaluated the characteristics of and risk factors associated with diagnosed and undiagnosed symptomatic dry eye. In this cross-sectional study using crowdsourced data on 4454 participants, risk factors for symptomatic vs no symptomatic dry eye included younger age, female sex, pollinosis, mental illnesses, current contact lens use, extended computer and digital device screen exposure, and smoking. For individuals with undiagnosed vs diagnosed symptomatic dry eye, risk factors included younger age, male sex, absence of collagen disease, mental illnesses, ophthalmic surgery, and current and past contact lens use. These findings suggest that detecting undiagnosed, symptomatic dry eye in at-risk populations could lead to earlier prevention or more effective interventions.