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Invited Commentary
July 2, 2020

The Unleveled Field of Intraocular Malignancies

Author Affiliations
  • 1Ophthalmic Oncology Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York
  • 2Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, New York
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online July 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2020.2249

Socioeconomic, racial, and ethnic disparities are pervasive in medicine, and there is evidence for these differences within oncology practice. Disparities are associated with a complicated interplay between many factors, including biology, exposures, socioeconomic status (SES), race/ethnicity, culture, and health care systems.1,2 In many types of cancer, the story is the same: lower SES and nonwhite individuals have a higher incidence of cancer, which is diagnosed at a more advanced disease stage, and have higher cancer-specific mortality rates.1,2

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