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From the Archives of the Archives
January 1999

A look at the past . . .

Arch Ophthalmol. 1999;117(1):54. doi:10.1001/archopht.117.1.54

SCHWEIGGER reports on 450 cases of retinal hemorrhage collected from the histories of 45,000 patients seen by his father in private practice. In an exhaustive and comprehensive way, everything is said which can be said on the subject. Some figures may be noticed. Pure retinal hemorrhage was found in 300 patients, ie, 6.6 to the thousand; the remainder showing inflammatory symptoms. As regards the well-known white patches, he states that in 300 eyes with hemorrhages, these patches were found 100 times. One fifth of the patients suffered from diabetes, 1/10 from albuminuria, and 1/20 from both affections at once. The number of diabetic patients with hemorrhages, but without retinitis, was three times as large as of those with both hemorrhages and retinitis. In nephritic cases, the number of patients with bilateral albuminuric retinitis was in the ratio of 8:1 as regards those with hemorrhagic retinitis. In 10 cases the well-known disc-shaped hemorrhage at the macula was noted. In favorable cases, complete resorption took place in from four to six months.