THE INTERNATIONAL Council of Ophthalmology and the World Health Organization are in the process of approving the development of international guidelines for eye care based on the American Academy of Ophthalmology's Preferred Practice Patterns (PPPs) and its condensed form of Summary Benchmarks.1 Although the objective of PPPs may remain unclear to some, the American Medical Association states that the primary goal of such practice parameters is physician-centered, that is, "to assist physicians in clinical decision-making."2 A secondary, unstated but recognized, profession-centered goal also exists, which is to raise and abolish differentials in the overall level of ophthalmic practice within the United States.
Okada AA. International Guidelines: All for One and One for All? Arch Ophthalmol. 2003;121(7):1043–1044. doi:10.1001/archopht.121.7.1043
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