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The first part of the Microscopie de l'oeil vivant, which the French Ophthalmological Society is bringing out, appeared in 1926. It treated of the diseases of the cornea, and was written by Prof. E. Gallemaerts, of Brussels. This is the second part, and as the author, Dr. Mawas, states in his preface, it differs from the usual "rapport" in as much as there is more personal labor than a study of the bibliography, and each drawing represents an original observation. His object has been to show how this new technic can serve early diagnosis, and makes for a better comprehension of the pathologic processes at work, which is in short the entire worth of biomicroscopy. After an historical introduction of the slit lamp, which instrument the author places in the same importance as the ophthalmoscope, he takes up the important relations between biomicroscopy and normal and pathologic histology,