The ocular lesions complicating diabetes are varied and occur in from 20 to 30 per cent of the cases.
Diabetes is a disease mainly of middle life, occurring at a time when arteriosclerosis is apt to be present. The complications of the eye, however, usually occur only after the disease has progressed for from five to ten years or more, when the patient is debilitated and consequently is more susceptible to infections, or has become a victim to various chronic disorders, such as essential hypertension, nephritis, syphilis, tuberculosis and poisoning with alcohol or tobacco. These diseases may exist in diabetic persons independently of the disease.
Retinitis is the most frequent lesion of the eye associated with diabetes. The other diseases of the eye which more rarely accompany diabetes are cataract, chronic retrobulbar neuritis, muscular disorders, disturbances of accommodation, refraction and iritis. These conditions also may exist independently of
COHEN M. THE EYE IN DIABETES MELLITUS. Arch Ophthalmol. 1929;2(5):529–539. doi:10.1001/archopht.1929.00810020548002
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