Within the past few years it has been possible to differentiate arteriosclerosis and hypertension more accurately than ever before. Previously both conditions were classified as arteriosclerosis. Since arteriosclerosis could be distinguished from hypertension, it became necessary to determine to which condition hemorrhages in the eye belonged.
These studies were made in the hospital for diseases of the eye in Munich by Mrs. Lange, with the help of Professor Wessely, the chief of the hospital. I made the medical examinations in the Medizinische Klinik of Professor von Romberg.
In the department for diseases of the eye and in the first medical clinic of the University of Munich, we have thoroughly examined all cases of retinal hemorrhages occurring in the hospitals and in the outpatient departments during the last year and a half. There are altogether sixty cases. We have, of course, excepted all hemorrhages due to trauma,