In 1871, Professor Mauthner1 reported the case of a man, aged 32, with the following history, which is a free translation from the German as given verbatim by the patient.
Ever since I can remember, I know that my vision has been poor. I can see only things that are directly in front of me, but nothing that is either to the right or to the left of me, or below or above. I could always see better in the day than I could at night. As soon as darkness appears, I see practically nothing. I also notice that I can see better in the summer than I can in winter. Since recovering from typhoid fifteen years ago, my sight is somewhat poorer. I have seven sisters, all well, and one brother 26 years of age who has exactly the same kind of visual disturbance as I have. My
SAMUEL WOLF. CHOROIDEREMIA. Arch Ophthalmol. 1930;3(1):80–87. doi:10.1001/archopht.1930.00810030090005