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Article
April 1930

ENDOCRINE STUDIES: XXIV. THE ETIOLOGY OF GLAUCOMA

Author Affiliations

BOSTON
From the Evans Memorial.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1930;3(4):403-409. doi:10.1001/archopht.1930.00810060021002
Abstract

In view of the frequently expressed opinion that glaucoma results from disturbed endocrine function, the following brief note may be of some interest.

The patients studied were referred from the regular service of the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and constituted a consecutive series of thirty-one, all of whom had been demonstrated to have glaucoma. Experience has shown that in all of the established endocrinopathies, measurements of the so-called basal metabolic rate show significant divergence from conventional normal values, although in such cases the single observation of the oxygen requirement is rarely competent to define the gland at fault. Pituitary and thyroid cases in a state of transition between an initial hyperfunctional and a final hypofunctional level may fortuitously exhibit normal rates if observed while passing through the normal zone. Rarely, if ever, will such cases fail to show other stigmas suggesting an endocrine disorder.

Since departures from the conventional

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