As I was entrusted by my teacher, Prof. Marc Dufour, with the preparation of the chapter on the diseases of the retina for the French "Encyclopedia of Ophthalmology," I felt obliged to recognize the truth of the explanation given by Leber of Heidelberg for the sudden forms of retinal detachment. Leber, emphasizing the fact that an exudation from the choroid should necessarily increase the intra-ocular tension (while it is known that hypotomy is rather more frequent in eyes with detachment), admitted that the source of the subretinal fluid was the liquid part of the vitreous which passed into the subretinal space. This explanation was based on the frequent presence of a crescentic or horseshoe-shaped tear in the retinal tissue, the flap always projecting into the vitreous body with its apex toward the papilla and its base to the periphery, these peculiarities showing that the tear was due to traction on
GONIN J. THE TREATMENT OF DETACHED RETINA BY SEARING THE RETINAL TEARS. Arch Ophthalmol. 1930;4(5):621–625. doi:10.1001/archopht.1930.00810130011001
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