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Article
December 1930

THE DIFFERENTIATION OF THE OCULAR MANIFESTATIONS OF HYSTERIA AND OF OCULAR MALINGERING

Author Affiliations

PHILADELPHIA

Arch Ophthalmol. 1930;4(6):911-938. doi:10.1001/archopht.1930.00810140123008
Abstract

The differential diagnosis of these two allied conditions, the ocular manifestations of hysteria and of ocular malingering, cannot be covered in a comparative review by a mere cataloging of facts, of more or less authoritative statements and of clinical observations, not to mention various theories and deductions. Even a bibliography must be given with an apology; it cannot be outlined with meticulous detail. The literature is voluminous, and the ramifications of allied interests are extensive. Also, this review is not a dissertation on the ocular manifestations of hysteria, save for its application to the second condition. De Schweinitz has long since covered hysteria in a complete manner, but little else can be said on the subject.

An attempt will be made first to differentiate one from the other by an understanding of each, and then to compare the conditions as two definite pathologic entities. The various tests for the

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