ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENTS OF DYNAMIC RETINOSCOPY
The two most important developments of retinoscopy since its introduction by Cuignet in 1873 are cylinder retinoscopy and dynamic retinoscopy. Each of these represents a series of methods that extend the usefulness of retinoscopy far beyond the original conception of the earliest workers. It is especially interesting to note that both these extensions of retinoscopy had their origins as far back as the early nineties of the last century, though their development and practical application came considerably later.
Cylinder retinoscopy, first introduced by Chibret in 1890, was elaborated and developed into a complete system by Jackson in the early nineties. His work, "Skiascopy and Its Practical Application to the Study of Refraction," published in 1895, contains the foundations on which all later work in this method has been built. In the subsequent development, chief credit must be given to Marquez
PASCAL JI. FUNDAMENTALS OF DYNAMIC RETINOSCOPY. Arch Ophthalmol. 1932;7(4):515–520. doi:10.1001/archopht.1932.00820110027003
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