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Article
June 1932

Eighteenth Annual Report of the Ophthalmic Section, Ministry of the Interior, Egypt.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1932;7(6):992. doi:10.1001/archopht.1932.00820130176018

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Abstract

There are now in Egypt forty-six ophthalmic units ; thirty-two of these are permanent, and fourteen travel.

During 1930, 526,406 new patients were treated, 20,136 being inpatients, and 209,662 operations were performed.

The number of patients found blind in one or both eyes was 45,534, or 8.4 per cent of all patients examined at the hospitals for ocular diseases. The pathologic cause of blindness was acute ophthalmia in 80 per cent of the cases ; the gonococcus was the predominant factor of infection in 44 per cent.

Ophthalmic examinations were carried out in thirty-two primary government schools. Ninety-two per cent of the pupils were found to be suffering from trachoma. About 25 per cent of these were in serious stages of the disease, but as a result of ophthalmic treatment this percentage was reduced to 8. This improvement is important as it indicates not only healing of the disease, but

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