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In 1856 MacKenzie was the first to use the stereoscope in the treatment of strabismus, but Javal, in 1863, was the real pioneer in this field.
The authors are disciples of Remy, whose book "The Diploscope," now out of print, they reproduce in full. In his time from three to five years were needed to effect a cure. Today from six to fifteen months, rarely more, are sufficient. The authors use the diploscope, the stereoscope and other methods to obtain binocular vision. The treatment is rarely attempted in patients under 7 years of age, or in those over 35. The best results are obtained in adolescents, and the vision of the squinting eye must be at least 20/70. Regular visits, the good will of the patient and the intelligent cooperation of his family are essential.
After all errors of refraction have been corrected, the amblyopia is treated by suppressing, at
Lynch JB. Le strabisme.. Arch Ophthalmol. 1933;10(3):424. doi:10.1001/archopht.1933.00830040142015
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