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October 1933


Author Affiliations

From the Laboratories of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, New York, and the Memorial Ophthalmic Laboratory, Giza (Cairo), Egypt.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1933;10(4):440-448. doi:10.1001/archopht.1933.00830050016003

Trachoma as it occurs in Egypt is true trachoma and is identical with the disease existing in America among the Indian and white races.1 The minor differences which are exhibited by individual patients in Egypt or in America are based, in part, on the greater chronicity of the disease in the Orient and the more active type of infection in the West. This view is supported by the observations of ophthalmologists in Egypt, who declare that while natives appear to tolerate trachoma with a definite degree of resistance to its harmful effects, Occidentals infected in the Orient show no such defense. In the latter, the disease presents a more acute and extensive inflammatory character.

On the other hand, certain clinicians regard "trachoma" as an inclusive term, or, as expressed by Wilson :1a

A definition though now applicable only to trachoma may in the future be found to describe

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