Just as the nineteenth century was closing, J. B. Patella reviewed in Janus (Archives internationales pour l'histoire de la médecine et la gégraphie médicale), then in the second year of its career (1897-1898), a little book on the diseases of the eye which is one of the landmarks in the history of ophthalmology. The contents of that volume are rather well known to ophthalmologists generally, and it is surprising to find how much more the physicians of that time knew about diseases of the eye than is generally realized. For instance, the author attributed crosseye to an abnormality of the ocular muscles but said that this muscular abnormality was often due to a distrubance of the nervous system. In some cases the muscles alone were at fault, while in others the nerves were responsible. Evidently he knew something about strabismus and ophthalmoplegia.
The author of this little book was
WALSH JJ. POPULAR MEDIEVAL OPHTHALMOLOGY. Arch Ophthalmol. 1934;11(4):670–677. doi:10.1001/archopht.1934.00830110088011
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