It is well known that many procedures that are now standard practices in medicine and surgery were notoriously slow in being adopted and, conversely, that innovations are occasionally widely accepted, only to be quickly discarded by the medical profession.
The O'Connor operation in its original form was described in The Journal of the American Medical Association in 1912. The originator modified his technic and reported forty-two operations in 1916. Since that time several additional reports have been made by Dr. O'Connor. Several papers on the subject have appeared, but with the exception of a brief reference in Dr. Luther Peter's book on "The Extra-Ocular Muscles" and a brief description by van der Hoeve in the GraefeSaemish "Handbuch der gesamten Augenheilkunde," they have all been written by oculists in San Francisco. There has been no widespread interest in the operation, nor has it been adopted by any great number
HOSFORD GN, HICKS AM. O'CONNOR CINCH SHORTENING OPERATION FOR HETEROTROPIA AND HETEROPHORIA: A CRITICAL SURVEY. Arch Ophthalmol. 1934;11(5):814–827. doi:10.1001/archopht.1934.00830120074007
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