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Advisory Board for Medical Specialties.—In order to elevate the standards of ophthalmology, to improve the efficiency of those claiming in their practice to be ophthalmologists and to standardize the training of eye specialists, the American Board for Ophthalmic Examinations was formed in 1915. It was the outgrowth of considerable study of committees named by the American Ophthalmological Society, the Section of Ophthalmology of the American Medical Association and the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology. This board is the pioneer among the special boards. It consists of nine members, three from each of the component societies. Its members are chosen in the same manner as the presiding officers of the national societies, and members can serve for no more than six years continuously. The board's name was changed in 1933 to the American Board of Ophthalmology to conform with the names of the other