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March 1935

Report of the Committee of Inquiry into Problems Relating to Partially Sighted Children.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1935;13(3):513-514. doi:10.1001/archopht.1935.00840030207017

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This report treats of the education of partially sighted children.

In 1908, the first experimental "myope class" in London was started. The initiation and development of this system of special education was due chiefly to Mr. Bishop Harman, ophthalmologist to the London County Council, and Dr. James Kerr, school medical officer of London.

The preference of the committee is for schools for the "partially sighted," as the term "myope class" indicates too limited a group; the term "partially blind" is psychologically bad, and the term "sight-saving class" (as used in the United States) is considered to claim too much.

Myopia is the most important and most frequent single condition leading to admission to these schools. The conclusions reached with regard to myopes were:

  1. If the eyes show changes in the fundus indicative of a serious condition of myopia, the child should always be admitted to a special school.

  2. In the

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