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This study of 5,748 white school children (in grades 1 to 11) from four widely separated school systems in Texas was made to determine the incidence of various kinds of ocular defects at the various grade levels and to determine the light intensity under which the children were working while in school. Of the 5,748 pupils, 1,359 were referred for ophthalmologic examination; of these, 1,162 were examined.
Of the 1,162 pupils, 251 were found to be normal; 370 were advised to start wearing glasses; 251 were advised to continue wearing their present glasses; 81 were told to have their glasses changed; 127 had pathologic conditions requiring treatment; 11 were recommended for sight-saving classes, 3 were recommended for admission to an institution for the blind, and 126 were recommended for further ophthalmologic examination. (Some children received more than one recommendation.) Also, among the 1,162