Gas-producing anaerobic bacilli occur but rarely in cases of inflammation of the eye; however, such organisms have been reported in a few cases of panophthalmitis. Chaillous1 in 1904 isolated Bacillus perfringens from the vitreous of an eye in which there was a foreign body. Since that time two other cases2 have been reported by the same author, and similar cases have been reported by Darier,3 James,4 Oreste,5 Heath,6 Ridley,7 Hamilton,8 Beery9 and Walker.10
Veillon and Morax11 isolated two types of anaerobic bacilli in a case of gangrenous dacryocystitis, but gas was not formed by either organism. Lutz,12 on routine examination, found gram-positive bacilli in three cases of panophthalmitis following entry of an intra-ocular foreign body ; the organism produced gas and readily formed spores. Hanke and Tertsch13 reported several cases of panophthalmitis, in one of
KLUEVER HC, O'BRIEN CS. PANOPHTHALMITIS DUE TO CLOSTRIDIUM WELCHII. Arch Ophthalmol. 1936;15(6):1088–1093. doi:10.1001/archopht.1936.00840180132011
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