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September 1936


Arch Ophthalmol. 1936;16(3):405-418. doi:10.1001/archopht.1936.00840210077004

It is fitting that in this year, following the death of Gonin, which occurred on June 10, 1935, ophthalmologists should remember their debt to him for what is undoubtedly the greatest advance made in clinical ophthalmology during the past twenty years. In 1904 he advanced the theory that the tears or holes which had previously been observed in detached retinas by de Wecker, von Graefe, Leber and others were the cause of retinal detachment. In 1919 he first reported cases in which he had operated with the cautery to close such tears and in which a reattachment of the retina had occurred. By 19311 he had collected 300 cases, in 221 of which operation had been performed by his method. In 118, or 53 per cent, of these cases a reattachment was obtained which was maintained during the time in which the patient was observed. Only 75 of the

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