It was Bartisch1 who introduced the medieval and Arlt2 the modern method of exenteration of the orbit. To overcome this dreadful deformity, Axenfeld3 suggested the operation in which the conjunctiva, lids and hair lines are preserved. Later the conjunctiva and lids are sutured. Other surgeons, Küster,4 Busache,5 Rollet,6 G. Worms7 and Romano Catania,8 used mucous membrane grafts, skin flaps, Thiersch grafts and sliding skin flaps to obviate the deformity without the introduction of a prosthesis. Few surgeons, however, have attempted to correct this deformity so that an artificial eye could be worn. Pólya9 conceived the idea of introducing artificial bone into the orbital cavity and suturing the lids over it. In this manner a support is obtained for a prosthesis. Probably the best known procedure is the operation devised by Golovine,10 in
GOLDSTEIN I. OPERATION FOR RETENTION OF AN ARTIFICIAL EYE AFTER EXENTERATION OF THE ORBIT. Arch Ophthalmol. 1936;16(3):465–468. doi:10.1001/archopht.1936.00840210139011
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