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September 1936

Memorandum Book of a Tenth-Century Oculist. A Translation of the Tadhkirat of Ali ibn Isa of Baghdad (cir. 940-1010 A. D.), the Most Complete, Practical and Original of All the Early Textbooks on the Eye and Its Diseases.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1936;16(3):541-543. doi:10.1001/archopht.1936.00840210215020

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Wood in 1927 published an English edition of the first printed work on ophthalmology, "De oculis," etc., by Grassus, published in Ferrara in 1474. Now in his eightieth year he gives us in a like de luxe edition an English version of the most complete early written treatise on the eye—the "Tadhkirat" of Ali ibn Isa. Acknowledgment of assistance is accorded to many scholars abroad and at home, while the text is based chiefly on the German version of Hirschberg and Lippert.

It may not be amiss to devote a little space first to the source and development of Arabic medical literature in general. The great bulk of this literature was written between 700 and 1100 A. D. (the Mohammedan period) and was based on the teachings of Galen, who was born in Pergamos in 130 A. D. Galen, a student of Hippocrates and a physician in Rome, assembled

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