The administration of general anesthetics by inhalation for operations on the eye, ear, nose and throat has been rather well standardized in the past. The commonest method has been the induction of anesthesia by nitrous oxide or ethyl chloride and its maintenance by ether administered by the drop method followed by insufflation of ether vapor from the Junker bottle or from some mechanical insufflator if the operation is that of tonsillectomy or some other procedure on the throat. When a gas machine was available, a gas, such as ethylene, with or without ether, has been used extensively, but since this article is purposely limited to those recent advances which have allowed the surgeon an increasing choice in the methods of operations the older methods of inducing anesthesia are referred to only briefly.
The use of a Magill large bore soft rubber intratracheal tube has made the
LUNDY JS. GENERAL ANESTHESIA IN OPERATIONS ON THE EYE, EAR, NOSE AND THROAT. Arch Ophthalmol. 1937;17(1):137–145. doi:10.1001/archopht.1937.00850010149012
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