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April 1937


Author Affiliations


Arch Ophthalmol. 1937;17(4):709-714. doi:10.1001/archopht.1937.00850040145013

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The study of art, particularly of the paintings of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, shows that the artists' concepts of anatomy, from the present day standpoint, at least, were crude and impossible. Even today the most skilful portrait painter combines his interpretive insight with his manipulative skill. So it must necessarily follow that the old statement "Things are to the eye that sees them as to that eye they seem to be" is still true. It is one thing to have a desire to make a picture of beauty and another to get a faithful reproduction of the details. If one wishes scientific accuracy a photograph is necessary.

Photography has advanced so far that it needs no defense, but occasionally an explanation of how to use it tends to widen its field of application and make the results more presentable and more worth while. This paper is designed to draw

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