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Article
June 1937

LESIONS OF THE FUNDUSIN ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION AND IN ARTERIAL AND RENAL DISEASES

Arch Ophthalmol. 1937;17(6):994-1007. doi:10.1001/archopht.1937.00850060046004
Abstract

Recent studies of arterial diseases have shown the importance of familiarity with the various vascular lesions in the fundus, their microscopic appearance and their interpretation with respect to the clinicopathologic diagnosis. It is necessary, therefore, that the ophthalmologist possess as a working basis a clinicopathologic classification which is acceptable to both the clinician and the pathologist.

Important contributions on the ophthalmologic phase of vascular diseases have been presented in the past few years by Wagener,1 Benedict,2 H. Friedenwald and J. S. Friedenwald,3 Evans4 and others. Numerous researches, carried out from a general pathologic point of view, are still being made. Unfortunately, clinicians and pathologists are not entirely in agreement on some salient points.

Valuable aid in the differential diagnosis and prognosis of arterial diseases is afforded the clinician by the presence or absence of lesions of the fundus. Vascular lesions and their effects

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