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Article
October 1937

SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF PTOSIS: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO USE OF THE SUPERIOR RECTUS MUSCLE

Arch Ophthalmol. 1937;18(4):547-557. doi:10.1001/archopht.1937.00850100059006
Abstract

It is my purpose in this paper to express my understanding of the surgical management of ptosis, for in spite of the fact that so much has been written about it there is still a diversity of opinion on the subject. Many differing valuations have been placed on operations for ptosis, which in the aggregate possibly outnumber any other ophthalmic procedure. Wilder,1 who has written one of the best articles descriptive of the condition, enumerated and described no less than forty-three operations and modifications. Such multiplicity of procedures means that no one operation has been adapted to all types of cases.

It almost goes without saying that an adequate survey of all the conditions present should be made and a computation arrived at as to how much intervention should be done and the best manner of doing it. This survey should differentiate between the varying forms, for

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