To comprehend satisfactorily the status of the new and modern theories concerning detachment of the retina, one must have a reasonable understanding of the growth of the knowledge of this subject. To this end a few facts and opinions have been gleaned from encyclopedias and numerous reviews of the subject as well as from many original articles.
The early recognition of this condition, before the ophthalmoscope was invented, will be considered first. According to numerous authors, de Saint-Yves1 in 1722 was the first to describe anatomically a condition called amotio sive sublatio retinae. After the appearance of this description, numerous articles were published in which the condition was mentioned, but no real advance was made for nearly a century. Ware2 in 1805, Wardrop3 in 1818 and Panizza4 in 1821 are credited with histologic descriptions. These students examined specimens and differentiated hydrops subchoroidealis from hydrops
ALLEN TD. DETACHMENT OF THE RETINA: SUMMARY OF THE MODERN OPINIONS. Arch Ophthalmol. 1938;20(2):307–314. doi:10.1001/archopht.1938.00850200145011
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