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Article
October 1938

PHYSIOLOGIC AND CLINICAL OPHTHALMOLOGIC PROBLEMS IN RELATION TO INDIVIDUAL VARIABILITY

Author Affiliations

Professor, Director of Ophthalmologic Clinic of University of Basel BASEL, SWITZERLAND

Arch Ophthalmol. 1938;20(4):541-568. doi:10.1001/archopht.1938.00850220013001
Abstract
  • Introduction

  • Problems of color vision

    • Dependence of color sensation on stimulus

    • Congenital color deficiencies

      • Partial color blindness

      • Anomalous trichromats

      • Diagnosis

      • Frequency of different types of color deficiency

      • Heredity of color deficiency

      • Total color blindness

      • Development of color sense

  • Phenomena of local adaptation

    • Phenomena of revulsive local adaptation

      • Black sensation

      • Importance of contrast

    • Local differences in adaptation

      • Measurement of the phenomena of local adaptation

    • Phenomenon of constancy

    • Seat of local adaptation

  • Light and dark adaptation

    • Diseases accompanied by disturbances of dark adaptation

  • Clinical methods

    • Focal illumination

    • Tonometry

    • Sensitiveness of the cornea

  • Diseases of the eye dependent on constitution and on climate

    • Tuberculous diseases of the eye and general constitution

      • Scrofula of the eye

  • Diseases of the eye in relation to weather and climate

    • Hordeolum

    • Catarrhal ulcer of the cornea

    • Acute conjunctivitis

    • Herpes corneae

    • Scrofula of the eye

    • Acute glaucoma

  • Summary

INTRODUCTION

If a person goes from a brightly illuminated room

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