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November 1938


Author Affiliations


Arch Ophthalmol. 1938;20(5):829-838. doi:10.1001/archopht.1938.00850230137010

Educators are today making every possible effort to teach children to read well. Formerly children who failed to learn to read lived out their school lives in classes between the third and the fifth grade and were dismissed to the industrial world at the age of 14. Now every child is required to remain in school in Pennsylvania until he is 18, and he must be placed in classes beyond these low grades in order to complete his social development. The use of general testing for the intelligence quotient of each child weeds out and places in special classes those who cannot learn. There remains, however, a group of children with intelligence quotients of normal or better than normal and with a normal social and vocabulary development who fail to learn to read as well as the average of their class. The ophthalmologist is being asked with increasing frequency to

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