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January 1939

Die Veraetzungen des Auges.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1939;21(1):199. doi:10.1001/archopht.1939.00860010215023

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In a thoroughly documented and copiously illustrated monograph, which appears as a supplement to the Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, the author considers at length new paths in the interpretation and treatment of those chemical injuries of the eyeball and/or lids which in English medical parlance are summed up as "burns." Thies gives in detail the pathologic factors, stages, clinical course, complications and sequelae in corrosions by acids and alkalis as well as by ammonia and lime and such varied chemical products as ethereal oil, aniline dyes, alcohol, combat gases and metallic compounds. There is an excellent chapter on first aid and immediate treatment by irrigation, neutralization and protection and the early surgical restoration by means of skin and/or buccal mucous membrane grafts. The work is thorough, like most German treatises, and like them, it practically ignores the publications of American and English ophthalmic surgeons.

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