I cannot expect American ophthalmologists to give much time to a consideration of ocular diseases in the Netherland East Indies. Conditions there are so different from those in the United States that it may seem that they are of little interest. Still, the problems in a territory as extensive as the East Indies might be worthy of attention.
In this tropical country live 61,000,000 persons, mostly natives; two thirds of them, or 41,000,000, live on the island of Java, which is densely populated. The number of patients with ocular diseases is very high and so is the number of the blind. According to the census of 1930, the Netherland East Indies had nearly 140,000 blind persons, that is, 244 per hundred thousand inhabitants. This number does not seem so high, as the incidence in the United States is 90 per hundred thousand inhabitants. However, as only those persons who could
HOUWER AWM. PECULIARITIES OF WELL KNOWN OCULAR DISEASES IN THE NETHERLAND EAST INDIES. Arch Ophthalmol. 1939;21(2):235–238. doi:10.1001/archopht.1939.00860020039003
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