This review is an attempt to correlate the clinical and ophthalmoscopic signs of circulatory disturbances in the retina in arteriosclerosis and in essential arterial hypertension with certain fundamental pathologic elements which underly local circulatory disturbances. These elements are the ones usually discussed in treatises on general pathology under the heading of local circulatory disturbances. I have selected such material from these treatises as is needed for my purpose. Complete discussions are found in standard works, such as those by Aschoff,1 Hueck,2 Ricker3 and Dietrich.4
LOCAL CIRCULATORY DISTURBANCES IN AN ORGAN
The circulation of an organ forms a part of the general circulation and is dependent on the general arterial pressure and on the general venous return flow. It also constitutes an independent unit in the service of the particular organ, independent in a way of the general arterial pressure and the general venous return flow and
ELWYN H. CIRCULATORY DISTURBANCES IN RETINA IN ARTERIOSCLEROSIS AND IN ESSENTIAL ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION. Arch Ophthalmol. 1939;21(5):775–798. doi:10.1001/archopht.1939.00860050059005
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