Ophthalmic literature is inundated with a profusion of approaches, both medical and surgical, for the correction of separation of the retina. This vast number of therapeutic measures was instituted in a rather frantic if not futile series of attempts to treat the disease, about which nothing was known concerning the etiologic or physiologic factors and very little concerning the pathologic process. Each method was essentially empiric, and if a beneficial result followed its use, it was heralded as ideal. If, on the other hand, the outcome was not encouraging, the procedure was soon forgotten, only to be recalled or, more often, discovered years later by a succeeding generation.
Recently, a more exact but still incomplete knowledge of the pathogenicity of retinal separation has been gained. However, the methods now generally used, some of which formerly had been tried empirically, have a more rational basis.
I believe that it might be
KREWSON WE. HISTORY OF THE SURGICAL TREATMENT OF RETINAL SEPARATION. Arch Ophthalmol. 1939;22(2):292–312. doi:10.1001/archopht.1939.00860080136015