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Article
November 1939

BILATERAL DETACHMENT OF THE RETINA: A HEREDODEGENERATIVE DISEASE

Author Affiliations

SPOKANE, WASH.
From the Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, and from the State Eye Hospital, Budapest, Hungary, Director, Prof. Josef Imre.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1939;22(5):809-831. doi:10.1001/archopht.1939.00860110095006
Abstract

Since Gonin's operation for detachment of the retina, the prognosis of this disease has not been as desperate, yet it is still fairly serious. When patients are operated on without any consideration as to the favorableness of their condition, not more than 50 to 60 per cent recover. Thus those affected in both eyes are seriously endangered.

Binocular detachment may rarely have a secondary exudative or transudative cause, as in nephritis, especially in the young, in which case the prognosis for life is poor. It also occurs in the nephritis of pregnancy, in exudative retinitis and in proliferating retinosis occurring after hemorrhages into the vitreous.

Even allergy has been involved in the explanation of bilateral detachment, as in the case of Balyeat1 and that of Prewitt.2

Primary "idiopathic" binocular detachment is more frequent. Here also are classified detachments following nonperforating injuries, since the participation of such an injury

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