Radium treatment of retinoblastoma had been carried out by Axenfeld1 in 1914, Uhthoff2 in 1917, Schoenberg3 in 1919, Knapp4 in 1920 and others5 in succeeding years. But real impetus to this form of treatment was given by Moore, Stallard and Milner6 in 1931. At that time they described a technic by which radon seeds were inserted directly into the growth and also sewn to the overlying sclera. In 1932 Stallard7 published a truly monumental work on the use of radiant energy in the treatment of ophthalmic disorders. He described in detail methods of direct insertion of radon seeds and suturing to the overlying sclera. McDowall and Marks8 in 1932 reported a case in which radium needles were inserted through incisions in the upper lid into the orbit near the base of the tumor. In 1934 Barkan9 described a method of applying
WALDMAN J. A NEW METHOD OF APPLYING RADON SEEDS FOR OCULAR DISORDERS. Arch Ophthalmol. 1940;23(1):55–59. doi:10.1001/archopht.1940.00860130067006
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