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January 1940


Arch Ophthalmol. 1940;23(1):91-103. doi:10.1001/archopht.1940.00860130103009

During the past three decades many clinicians have become convinced that a patient is a unit consisting of body and mind, that there is a constant interrelation between the two components of this unit and that neither of them can be ill or well without the other being in a similar condition. The technical term for this body-mind unit has been coined psychosoma, and the interrelation between the two constituents is called psychosomatic interrelation. The idea is not entirely new, for twenty-four hundred years ago, on returning from military service, Socrates told his compatriots that the Thracians were medically ahead of the Greeks, that these barbarians knew that the body could not be cured without the mind and that the reason why the cure of many diseases was unknown to the physicians of Hellas was that they were ignorant of the whole. On another occasion, Socrates said : "Just as you

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