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February 1940

Twenty-Fifth Annual Report of the Ophthalmic Hospital Section for 1937.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1940;23(2):465. doi:10.1001/archopht.1940.00860130503019

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In 1937 four additional ophthalmic branches were opened, so that the total number of ophthalmic units is now 78. During the past year there were 1,213,781 new patients, and 351,136 operations were performed.

The percentage of patients who were found blind was 5.8 per cent. The cause of blindness in 80 per cent of cases was acute ophthalmia, the gonococcus being the predominating factor in 40 per cent. The number of school pupils examined totaled 12,075, and 99 per cent were found to be suffering from trachoma ; the trachoma of 41 per cent was in the serious stage.

Postgraduate teaching was given to 39 students during the year.

Among the operations, 2,227 were for cataract and 112,000 for trichiasis and entropion. Trephining was done in 1,231 cases of glaucoma and iridectomy in 1,473 cases. Of the 68,000 cases of blindness, glaucoma was responsible for 11,000.

The report presents a number

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