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Article
March 1940

ORTHOPTICS AT THE CROSSROADS

Arch Ophthalmol. 1940;23(3):619-622. doi:10.1001/archopht.1940.00860130685017
Abstract

It is only within recent years that the scientific basis for binocular training was advanced and applied by a small group of serious workers, even though some form of exercise for the eyes has been prescribed empirically for many years. Unfortunately, the principles and methods that they fostered won the sympathy of but few ophthalmologists. During the last decade, with its development of instruments for ocular training, there has been on the one hand an unfortunate "groping in the dark" regarding orthoptics and on the other hand an unfriendly skepticism by those too accustomed to established clinical methods, with the result that the favorable aspects of scientifically controlled orthoptic training have been largely obscured. The interest in orthoptic training has not progressed substantially in recent years, and one must reflect as to whether this trial period has been sufficient to evaluate its merits as a therapeutic aid and whether it

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