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April 1940

Hydrophthalmia or Congenital Glaucoma. Its Causes, Treatment and Outlook.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1940;23(4):885-886. doi:10.1001/archopht.1940.00860130979020

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This monograph is one of the publications sponsored by the British Journal of Ophthalmology. It is a handsome volume, profusely and beautifully illustrated.

The subject of hydrophthalmia is exhaustively treated under the chapter headings of general etiology, differential diagnosis, the structure and development of the involved tissue, their embryology and comparative anatomy, the pathology of congenital glaucoma, pathogenesis, treatment, prognosis and general reflections.

The terms congenital glaucoma and hydrophthalmia are preferred by the author. He suggests that the use of all other terms be abandoned. The author states that "the condition to be described is that of an eye which has become enlarged under the influence of increased tension." Subsequently, he says that "the ocular condition that we are to consider is that which is due to a rise in tension occurring at so early an age that the coats of the globe distend." The latter definition seems to be

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