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June 1940


Author Affiliations

From the Department of Ophthalmology of the University of Nebraska.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1940;23(6):1131-1145. doi:10.1001/archopht.1940.00860131289001

Hydroa vacciniforme is a disease described in textbooks of dermatology as a recurring vesicular eruption, occurring for the most part in the summer and usually affecting young men. The lesions are seen more commonly on surfaces of the skin exposed to light. The disease has been known by a variety of names. Bazin1 in 1862 reported the first typical case, calling the condition "hydroa vacciniforme." Hutchinson2 in 1878 referred to the disease as "prurigo aestivalis," "prurigo adolescentium" and "acne prurigo." Hutchinson, however, did not correlate the condition in his group of cases with that in the case reported by Bazin. Later in 1889 Hutchinson3 again reported a typical case of hydroa vacciniforme and described the condition as "a recurrent summer eruption" or "summer prurigo." Ehrmann4 in 1905 suggested the name "dermatolysis photoactinica congenita." This term, however, is not to be confused with epidermolysis bullosa, a cutaneous