Rhinosporidiosis of the nose has been reported 8 times in the United States, and it was not until the case of Anderson and Byrnes and another of Griffey that conjunctival rhinosporidiosis was recognized in this country.
To summarize the history and characteristics of the disease, the following statements are briefly given :
The disease is a local fungus infection of the mucous membrane. The fungus was classified by Ashworth in 1923 among the Phycomycetes, suborder Chytridinae. He named it Rhinosporidium seeberi and found it identical with the organism described by O'Kinealy.
The mode of infection is not known. Wright suggested, because of its predilection to the conjunctiva and the nares, that it might be air or water borne. This has not been proved. So far, experimental evidence has been negative. No one has been able to grow the fungus on artificial mediums except Ashworth, and his isolation of it was doubtful.
BARNSHAW HD, READ WT. RHINOSPORIDIOSIS OF THE CONJUNCTIVA. Arch Ophthalmol. 1940;24(2):357–361. doi:10.1001/archopht.1940.00870020149015
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