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Article
August 1940

PATHOLOGIC CONDITIONS OF THE CORNEAI. DISTURBANCES OF THE EPITHELIUM, ENDOTHELIUM AND BOWMAN'S AND DESCEMET'S MEMBRANE

Author Affiliations

WASHINGTON, D. C.
From the Registry of Ophthalmic Pathology, Army Medical Museum.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1940;24(2):374-395. doi:10.1001/archopht.1940.00870020166021
Abstract

The description of corneal disease has been exhaustively elaborated in all textbooks of ophthalmology. Unfortunately, the classification of these conditions is usually based on their clinical appearance rather than on an etiologic or pathologic basis. This is due partly to the fact that the exact causation is frequently unknown and also that pathologic material is usually not available in the beginning stages of many of these conditions. Nevertheless the confusion results chiefly from the desire to label these conditions on the basis of their clinical appearance alone, thus producing a variegated terminology applied to stages of the same disease process. In view of the newer knowledge of corneal metabolism and respiration that has been revealed in recent years, it is profitable to review the pathology of this important transparent tissue of the eye. This initial paper will deal with the surface epithelium and endothelium, together with their adjacent layers, Bowman's

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