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The transplantation of clear corneal tissue from an enucleated eye to an opaque eye has never developed any real popularity in the past, mainly because so few results were successful. There were two principal reasons for the failure : first, and most important, the difficulty of obtaining healthy, clear corneas, and second, the complicated technic.
These difficulties have been largely solved by the epoch-making contributions of Filatov. He discovered that a section of cornea taken from a healthy patient who had just died as the result of an accident could be used successfully for transplantation in a favorable eye. He later found that by keeping the eye under aseptic conditions for two or three days at a temperature of about 4 C. the results were even better than when the eye was used immediately after enucleation. This solved the problem of obtaining sufficient desirable material whenever needed. He also simplified the
GREEN AS, GREEN MI. A SIMPLIFIED OPERATION FOR KERATOPLASTY. Arch Ophthalmol. 1940;24(3):544–546. doi:10.1001/archopht.1940.00870030122013
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